ESRF and Prof. Jin-Sang Lee (from South Korea) organize Public Seminar to share experience in Science, Technology and Innovation.

    Prof. Jin-Sang Lee (from State University of New York - South Korea) delivering the lecture

    The Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF) in collaboration with Professor Jin-Sung Lee from State University of New York, (SUNY Korea) with the support from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) organized a half day Public Lecture on “The Korean Experience on Economic Transformation, Scientific and Technological Changes: Implications to Tanzania Industrialization Agenda” .

    Dr. Tausi Mbada Kida, Executive Director - ESRF making her welcoming remarks

    The Public Lecture was held at ESRF Conference Hall officiated by Honorable Anthony Mtaka, Simiyu Regional Commissioner, attracting participants from Academia, Civil society, Private sector, Researchers, Government civil servants, Policy makers who rose a number of constructive questions after the Lecture.

    Hon. Anthony Mtaka - Simiyu Regional Commissioner making an opening speech

    During the welcoming remarks, Dr. Tausi Mbaga Kida said, the Public Lecture came at the right time since the country is aiming towards middle-income country by the year 2025. “This Public Lecture comes at an opportune time for our country, since Tanzania aspires to be a middle income country by 2025 through the market led economy with the private sector being the engine of economic growth” said Dr. Kida.

    She further said, this public lecture would raise constructive ideas from South Korea experience which will help Tanzania in achieving its development agenda through Science, Technology and Innovation. In his remarking speech Honorable Mtaka said the country has good policies and strategies for developing our country’s economy towards attaining a middle-income country, much efforts are being put to implement these policies and strategies to fulfill our national vision 2025.

    He called upon the younger generation to think about different ways to bring development through innovation and creativity. He insisted on changing our ideologues and develop patriotism among young generation so as to put national interest first.

    In his seventy minutes lecture, Prof. Lee shared the development phases that South Korea has passed from 1960s to present. He said during 1960s, the government of South Korea strategies focused to eliminate poverty and promote local industries. South Korea began to implement the five year economic development plan by establishing outward-looking policies which are exported oriented. South Korean government promoted exports through government subsidies and incentives as well as light industries promotion. To foster credit follow special purpose financial institutions including Korea Development Bank, Korea Export and Import Bank were established.

    He further said, South Korea also put much emphasis in human development aspect with much focus on engineering subjects such as science and technology, textile, shipbuilding, electrical engineering as well as law, medicine, economics and management. In 1970s, South Korea invested largely in heavy and chemical industries. South Korean government selected few targeted industries like iron and steel, petroleum, shipbuilding electronics etc to be given priority support. Prof. Lee mentioned that the good linkage of government and private sector made a tremendous change in South Korean economy which to date compete with big industrialized countries in the world.

    From 1980 to date South Korea moved into advanced technologies; where IT industries like Samsung, LG, and Daewoo were developed. Much emphasis were put in Science, technology and innovation advancement. The government also insisted and promoted human capital by training a number of people in priority areas.

    Prof. Lee also said, in order to step to another level of economy, research and development issues are inevitable. He added that South Korea has invested much on research and development during this period to acquire foreign technologies which can be modified to suit local and foreign environment.

    Prof. suggested for Tanzania to become an industrial country, the connectivity role of government, private sector and other stakeholders is important. Each should focus on the vision of the nation and perform desired roles.

    Specifically government should develop national policies which are achievable, practical, scientific and acceptable. Focus on human capital development, training and education. Also corporation between industry, universities and government should be built in order to foster science, technology and innovation for economic growth as well as investment on research and development.

    Also Prof insisted the role of private sector in economic development. He said that firms should open minded, patriotic, competitive and innovative in order to improve the market stand nationally and globally. The large portion of revenues allocated to private research and development so as to advance science, creativity, new innovation and to compete with the dynamics of global market.

    Mr. Ernest Salla from UNDP in his closing remarks assured that UNDP will continue to work with ESRF in implementing developmental issues. As a way forward he suggested eleven issues which he said are corner stone for driving the country to a middle income nation by 2025, to mention few Government must invest in research and development, need to build partnership between government and private sector, build strong institutions, conducive business environment etc

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    Last updated on 2018-01-28

ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)